By Richard J. Sundberg
This attention-grabbing new quantity presents a accomplished but concise review of the chemical features of a few of the foremost thoughts and adjustments that happened through the twentieth century, bearing on chemical constructions and houses to real-life functions.
Developed for a direction taught by way of the writer for a number of years at UVA, the writer covers the real and consequential advancements in chemistry and explains their daily, real-life functions. those contain such subject matters as customer items, fossil gas use, polymers, agriculture, nutrition construction, foodstuff, explosives, and medication. The part Molecular Biology and Its functions contains examples of the appliance of biotechnology and genetic engineering. The e-book solutions such questions as
• What does "octane quantity" suggest?
• what's "Spandex"?
• What are all of the constituents in my frozen pizza and why are they there?
• what's in my favourite headache therapy and the way does it paintings?
• How can medicinal drugs have an effect on psychological outlook and serve as?
• How are genetically transformed organisms bought and the way are they used?
Broad in scope, The Chemical Century presents comprehensible examples of discoveries and their purposes in addition to short anecdotal details on a few to the most important participants and the conditions below which the discoveries have been made. Interspersed in lots of the chapters are short summaries discoveries. those sections comprise numerous biographical, historic, or political/economic heritage touching on the actual topic.
The significant fiscal, environmental, and regulatory facets are touched upon to boot. for instance, the ebook considers hydrocarbon fuels and their function in worldwide warming; the difficulty of residues in meals; and multi-drug resistance and antibiotics.
There is little specified chemistry, however the fabric is apparent in describing chemical buildings and in pertaining to these buildings to the homes of the fabrics. The ebook contains a number of figures and tables to demonstrate and produce advanced details. Many chemical buildings, together with approximately 50 schemes with a number of buildings, are essentially and easily offered besides.
By Janusz Nowotny
Oxide semiconductors, together with titanium dioxide (TiO2), are more and more being regarded as replacements for silicon within the improvement of the following iteration of sun cells. Oxide Semiconductors for solar power Conversion: Titanium Dioxide offers the fundamental houses of binary steel oxide semiconductors and the performance-related homes of TiO2 as they relate to sun energy.
The ebook offers a basic historical past on oxide semiconductors in accordance with binary oxides and their strong ideas, together with digital and ionic conductors. It covers a number of elements of solid-state electrochemistry of oxides, similar to illness chemistry, and defect-related homes, akin to electric houses, diffusion, segregation, and reactivity. the writer additionally takes a pioneering technique in contemplating bulk as opposed to floor semiconducting homes, displaying how they're assorted end result of the impression of segregation.
One of the 1st on semiconducting, photocatalytic, and photoelectrochemical houses of TiO2 and its good recommendations with donor- and acceptor-type ions, the e-book discusses disorder chemistry of TiO2 when it comes to illness equilibria and defect-related homes, together with electric houses, self and chemical diffusion, floor houses, segregation, and reactivity and photoreactivity with oxygen, water, and microbial brokers. The textual content additionally illustrates using TiO2 as an rising fabric for solar power conversion structures, together with the iteration of hydrogen gas by way of photoelectrochemical water splitting, the photocatalytic purification of water, and the new release of photovoltaic electrical energy. additionally, it offers illness disease diagrams for the formation of TiO2-based semiconductors with managed houses.
Encompassing the components of solid-state technology, floor chemistry, and photocatalysis, this e-book displays the expanding wisdom of the significance of structural imperfections, comparable to aspect defects, in knowing the homes of steel oxides, particularly TiO2-based semiconductors.
By Jatindra Kumar Sahu
Food fabrics are processed sooner than their intake utilizing assorted processing applied sciences that enhance their shelf lifestyles and preserve their physicochemical, organic, and sensory features. Introduction to complicated foodstuff technique Engineering presents a common reference on quite a few points of processing, packaging, garage, and qc and evaluate structures, describing the elemental rules and significant functions of rising nutrients processing technologies.
The ebook is split into 3 sections, systematically analyzing tactics from varied components of meals procedure engineering.
Section I covers a variety of complex meals processing applied sciences together with osmo-concentration of vegatables and fruits, membrane expertise, nonthermal processing, rising drying applied sciences, CA and MA garage of vegetables and fruit, nanotechnology in meals processing, and computational fluid dynamics modeling in meals processing.
Section II describes foodstuff safeguard and numerous non-destructive caliber overview platforms utilizing computing device imaginative and prescient platforms, vibrational spectroscopy, biosensors, and chemosensors.
Section III explores waste administration, spinoff usage, and effort conservation in nutrition processing undefined. With an emphasis on novel meals approaches, every one bankruptcy includes case reviews and examples to demonstrate state of the art purposes of the applied sciences discussed.
By Ladislav Svarovsky
This booklet includes chapters on easy basics, ideas and gear, in addition to on numerous vital facets of solid-liquid separation equivalent to clear out aids, washing, and flocculation. different subject matters comprise characterization of debris suspended in beverages; potency of separation of debris from fluids; separation by way of centrifugal sedimentation; strain filtration; cake dewatering; and choice of solid-liquid separation apparatus.
This e-book turns out to be useful to chemical engineers and procedure engineers, quite these in plant operation, plant layout or gear trying out and commissioning. this feature is additionally used as a textbook for instructing in undergraduate, postgraduate, and post-experience courses.
By Hideki Tsuge
Microbubbles and nanobubbles have a number of features which are related with millimeter- and centimeter-sized bubbles. those features are their small dimension, which ends up in huge floor quarter and excessive bioactivity, low emerging speed, reduced friction drag, excessive inner strain, huge fuel dissolution potential, negatively charged floor, and skill to be beaten and shape loose radicals. Microbubbles and nanobubbles have came upon purposes in various fields comparable to engineering, agriculture, atmosphere, nutrients, and drugs. Microbubbles were effectively utilized in aquacultures of oysters in Hiroshima, scallops in Hokkaido, and pearls in Mie Prefecture, Japan. This box has proven a robust power for development. This ebook comprehensively discusses microbubbles and nanobubbles and their program in aquaculture, setting, engineering, medication, inventory elevating, agriculture, and marine undefined. It provides their power as a brand new expertise that may be applied globally.
By Atul Tiwari,Anthony Galanis,Mark D. Soucek
By Tanmoy Chakraborty,Lalita Ledwani
Recent technique in Chemical Sciences provides an eclectic survey of latest difficulties in experimental, theoretical, and utilized chemistry. This e-book covers contemporary tendencies in learn with the various area of the chemical sciences. The chapters, written through an expert researchers, supply various insights to the modern day examine within the area of spectroscopy, plasma amendment, and theoretical and computational research of chemical difficulties. It covers descriptions of experimental suggestions, discussions on theoretical modeling, and lots more and plenty more.
By Kiran Golwalkar
By Ernst T. Theimer
By E. J. Corey,Czakó,Barbara,Lá rti,szló